1794 in France (kartoniertes Buch)

Reign of Terror, Battle of Fleurus, Battle of Boulou, Battle of Aldenhoven, Battle of Platzberg, Battle of Tourcoing, Battle of San Lorenzo de la Muga, Glorious First of June, Prisons of the Reign of Terror, Battle of the Black Mountain
ISBN/EAN: 9781157581611
Sprache: Englisch
Umfang: 34 S.
Format (T/L/B): 0.1 x 24.6 x 18.9 cm
Auflage: 1. Auflage 2014
Einband: kartoniertes Buch
15,93 €
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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 33. Chapters: Reign of Terror, Battle of Fleurus, Battle of Boulou, Battle of Aldenhoven, Battle of Platzberg, Battle of Tourcoing, Battle of San Lorenzo de la Muga, Glorious First of June, Prisons of the Reign of Terror, Battle of the Black Mountain, Siege of Bastia, Battle of the Baztan Valley, Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies, Battle of the Vosges, Croisière du Grand Hiver, Siege of Calvi, Campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, Action of 6 November 1794, Siege of Saint-Florent, Siege of Luxembourg, Battle of Boxtel, Battle of Tournay, Action of 23 April 1794. Excerpt: The Glorious First of June (also known as the Third Battle of Ushant, and in France as the or ) of 1794 was the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the First French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars. The British Channel Fleet under Admiral Lord Howe attempted to prevent the passage of a vital French grain convoy from the United States, which was protected by the French Atlantic Fleet, commanded by Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse. The two forces clashed in the Atlantic Ocean, some 400 nautical miles (741 km) west of the French island of Ushant on 1 June 1794. The action was the culmination of a campaign that had criss-crossed the Bay of Biscay over the previous month in which both sides had captured numerous merchant ships and minor warships and had engaged in two partial, but inconclusive, fleet actions. During the battle, Howe defied naval convention by ordering his fleet to turn towards the French and for each of his vessels to rake and engage their immediate opponent. This unexpected order was not understood by all of his captains, and as a result his attack was more piecemeal than he intended. Nevertheless, his ships inflicted a severe tactical defeat on the French fleet. In the aftermath of the battle both fleets were left shattered and in no condition for further combat, Howe and Villaret returning to their home ports. Despite losing seven of his ships of the line, Villaret had bought enough time for the French grain convoy to reach safety unimpeded by Howe's fleet, securing a strategic success. However, he was also forced to withdraw his battle-fleet to port, leaving the British free to conduct a campaign of blockade for the remainder of the war. In the immediate aftermath both sides claimed victory and the outcome of the battle was seized upon by the press of both nations as a demonstration of the prowess and bravery of their respective navies. The Glorious First of June demo